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Monthly Archives: June 2018

Emergency Contraceptive

In the UK, there are currently two types of emergency contraceptive pills: Levonelle and ellaOne. EllaOne is a relatively new drug and not easily available. I will focus on ellaOne later in this article. The use of Levonelle is well established and is readily available from:

  • Your GP
  • Pharmacist
  • Family planning clinics
  • Accident and Emergency

Levonelle is free when obtained from your GP, using an NHS prescription and from family planning clinics. Certain pharmacists are able to provide the emergency contraceptive without a doctor’s prescription, however a charge of £26 is levied. Accident and Emergency departments should only be used as a last resort.

How does it work?

Levonelle is a progesterone based hormone (a female sex hormone). We still don’t know for certain the exact mechanism of how it works. The general consensus is that it inhibits ovulation (release of an egg from the ovaries); however, it may also prevent fertilization (fusing of sperm and egg) and possibly implantation. The emergency contraceptive pill does not cause an abortion. Technically speaking, an abortion can only occur once a fertilized egg has implanted it self into the lining of the womb.

Levonelle is extremely effective when taken correctly and has been shown to reduce the risk of pregnancy down to 1{37fe965217973254aca47e332e36060a5bf0346a780b2fd96efbc1a37500b41e}.

How do I take it?

Levonelle is not suitable for everyone; it is contraindicated in the following cases:

  • Prophyria (a very rare condition)
  • Severe liver disease
  • Previous ectopic pregnancy
  • May not be suitable in conditions such as Crohn’s disease

Time is crucial when it comes to taking Levonelle. It must be consumed within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse. Ideally, it should be taken within 12 hours after unprotected intercourse. As time elapses after unprotected intercourse the effectiveness of the drug decreases significantly:

  • Levonelle taken 0-24 hours after unprotected sex – 95{37fe965217973254aca47e332e36060a5bf0346a780b2fd96efbc1a37500b41e} effective
  • Levonelle taken 25-48 hours after unprotected sex – 85{37fe965217973254aca47e332e36060a5bf0346a780b2fd96efbc1a37500b41e} effective
  • Levonelle taken 49-72 hours after unprotected sex – 58{37fe965217973254aca47e332e36060a5bf0346a780b2fd96efbc1a37500b41e} effective

Levonelle is well tolerated by most women, however some women may experience nausea and vomiting. If you vomit with in 2-3 hours of taking Levonelle then another dose must be taken. Other common side effects include headache, dizziness and breast tenderness. Less common side effects can include irregular spotting and bleeding. After taking Levonelle, if you suffer with an early or delayed withdrawal bleed, or your period is on time but is abnormally heavy, then an ectopic (implantation as occurred, but not in the womb) pregnancy must be excluded, and it is advisable to see your doctor as soon as possible.

Alternatives to Levonelle

If the time elapsed after unprotected intercourse is greater than 72 hours, or if Levonelle was not tolerated, then alternative emergency contraception must be considered to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. There are currently two options:

  • EllaOne
  • Intrauterine emergency contraceptive device

EllaOne (ulipristal)

EllaOne is a new emergency contraceptive which was given a license last year. Small trials including women from the UK, USA and Ireland have shown ellaOne to be effective at preventing unwanted pregnancy even after the 72 hour limit normally advised for Levonelle. This means the drug could be taken up to 120 hours (five days) after unprotected intercourse.

EllaOne is a prescription only medication. It will not be available over the counter until more is known about its long term safety profile.

The Intrauterine Emergency Contraceptive Device

The Intrauterine emergency contraceptive device, also known as the emergency IUD, is a small copper device that is inserted into the uterus (womb) via the vagina. It has the benefit of being effective up to five days after unprotected intercourse and can continue to be used as a regular contraceptive. The disadvantage is that it must be fitted, which would normally take place at a family planning clinic.

Long Term Contraception

Studies examining the emergency contraceptive found that many women went on to become pregnant in the next cycle, as they continued to have unprotected intercourse. This indicates the importance of considering long term, or continued contraception.

After taking Levonelle or ellaOne, it is wise to discuss continued contraception with your doctor or family planning clinic. Suitable methods for long term contraception may include:

  • Combined oral contraceptive
  • Progesterone only pill
  • Progesterone injection (taken every 3 months)
  • Contraceptive implant (inserted into the skin of the arm and lasts 3 years)

Gynecology

Some women experience worse side effects, like headaches, nausea, depression, soreness, weight gain, strange bleeding… you name it! For this reason, pay close attention to your body after you start taking it. If you notice any changes in your body or your mood, talk to your gynecologist. You may be one of the few women who aren’t suited to taking pills.

Q – Does the pill protect you against sexually transmitted diseases like HIV/Aids?
A – Absolutely not! The pill offers no protection against anything at all except for motherhood, and it doesn’t guarantee 100{37fe965217973254aca47e332e36060a5bf0346a780b2fd96efbc1a37500b41e} protection from that either! The only way to protect you completely from sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS, is complete abstinence. So, just don’t ever have sex again, and you’re safe.

Abstinence is not a choice? It is not for the most of the people. There are lots of ways to protect yourself from all the nasty diseases out there. The best place to start is to talk to your local gynecologist. They can recommend methods that will be the most effective in keeping you from catching anything.

Q – If you decide you want to have a baby, how long before the pill stops working?
A – Had enough of the childless life? If you want to start using sex for procreation and not just recreation, you can always stop taking the pill, and you’ll be fertile again.

Time Duration

No gynecologist can give you an exact date. It varies from woman to woman, but most women can ovulate again after 2 weeks. This doesn’t mean that after two weeks BAM!- You’re preggers! Hold on a little bit… it may take a longer time. Many people don’t realize it takes more than once without protection to put a bun in the oven. Have some patience!

Durex Play

Durex condoms are already available in different sizes, textures and flavors. In terms of material, there are now the latex and non-latex for sensitive people. The non-latex condoms are made from a material known as polyurethane that won’t cause allergy but is still soft to the touch to allow for greater sensitivity.

Of late, the manufacturer of Durex came up with a new innovation beyond the usual condoms. This time, it focused on another aspect of achieving pleasure for adult users which is through vibrations. Called Play, the new line of Durex products aims to encourage adult consumers to do a little experimentation with the way they seek pleasure from each other. It comes in four major types – the Vibrations, Ultra, Touch and Pure Fantasy.

The Vibrations features a ring that vibrates for 20 minutes. It comes with a tiny switch that can be turned on and off without much fuss. This is ideal for first time users.

The Ultra provides longer vibrations of up to 40 minutes. Users need not worry about noise as this product does not create a sound when in use. Also, it is waterproof and can be used with the condom on or even without the rubber. It is best used with a lubricant to experience a high level of pleasure.

The Play Touch is worn on the finger. This enables both men and women to provide their partners with stimulating touches to arouse their sexual desires. No sound is emitted when in use. The product is also not affected when it gets wet and it can even be used again as long as you see the need for it.

The Pure Fantasy product is a vibrator that can be used in different speed levels. It’s considered to be a personal massager with no noise vibrations that can easily be adjusted according to the mood you want. Also available is the Durex Play line is 2 in 1 gel. This gel can serve as a lubricant as well when necessary and can be used all over the body. It can be used by people with sensitive skin because of the presence of aloe vera which is a proven skin moisturizer.

Effects Hormonal Contraception

Hormonal birth control is one of the most common contraceptive methods. Hormonal contraceptives are made with artificial (synthesized) hormones, which work with your body to prevent pregnancy. Generally, they suppress ovulation, which makes pregnancy almost impossible. Though hormonal methods are the most widely used, there are some things to consider before you know if they are right for you – and if so, which specific method to choose.

First of all, there are many people who should not use hormonal methods of birth control. This should all be discussed with your doctor, but the risk factors include: anyone who suspects they might already be pregnant, anyone who is breastfeeding, anyone who has active liver disease, anyone over age 35, smokers, anyone with diabetes, anyone with blood clotting problems, and several more. Enlisting the help of a professional will help determine what, if any, risk factors are present for you, and if it is safe for you to begin using hormonal contraceptives.

As with any prescribed medication, there are also many side effects to be aware of. The most common side effects are: weight gain, acne, nausea, dizziness, headaches, depression, vaginal infections, high blood pressure, loss of libido, and blood clots, to name a few. There are also several rare and extremely dangerous side effects that are worth mentioning. Stroke, liver tumors, gallstones, and jaundice are rare but possible side effects of hormonal birth control methods. It is best, as with any medication, to be aware of the potential risks but always discuss them with a doctor before making any decisions.

Hormonal contraceptives are known to be a pretty effective method of birth control. It is no wonder that they are so widely used. Being aware of the risks associated is important when making a decision as to which method is right for you. Whatever option you choose, enlisting the help of a physician to guide you through the process is always recommended. It is important to make the right decision to avoid complications in the future. A little education about your options can help make the process go a lot more smoothly.

Planned Parenthood Locations

Listed are the topics that are usually discussed in the PPFA program:

· Abortion

There are two types of known abortion in the Unites States which are the “in-clinic abortion” and the “abortion pill”. There are lots of cases of abortion that happens in the US alone. There are some reasons for parents to decide whether to abort their baby. Some may have difficulties deciding for it. With the PPFA, one can be given advice on abortion issues.

For finding health centers to offer advice and help regarding abortion, you can search for your state’s health centers.

· Birth Control

Birth control is a method known to people for thousands of years. Along the generations, people have come up with the latest and safest ways for birth controls. There are certain reasons why parents don’t like to have babies at some time in their lives. And unexpected pregnancy is very much a problem to many. That is why taking birth control methods are very much advisable for people don’t want to have children yet.

Health centers that are covered by PPFA can help us with birth control issues.

· Body Image

This is the way we see ourselves. It is very important for someone to be confident and happy with the way they look. People may have a typical body, but still they want more of the perfect image. With the help of PPFA, they can help us like the way we look, or if not, they can suggest ways on how we can improve it. It is very unhealthy for someone to hate the way they look. It is important that you are content with the way you look and love yourself for who you are. Physical imperfections should not be the reason for someone to feel bad about themselves.

PPFA all have services for helping people having the kind of problems.

· Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Services

We are now in the age of LGBT relationships. We cannot avoid having people having same sex relationships and marriages. The PPFA offers services that will teach people about the information on LGBT and how to cope with the dealings of it with concerns to other people who are not in favor of LGBT relationships.

Herbal Solution For Birth Control

One woman doesn’t want to buy the moon theory described, though she will look into the herbal solution. The thing is, the moon theory only works after you’ve made it work, and there are things you can do to become synchronized with the moon phases (unless you have insurmountable menstrual glitches.) Looking at the moon a lot (sounds freaky, but it’s true) and regulating the light in your bedroom are just 2 things. If it could work for you, you’d simply have more confidence in your birth control because you’d know more assuredly when you are ovulating.

The book “Herbal for the Childbearing Year” deals a lot with herbal contraception. There are herbs that promote temporary sterility, like stonessed root, jack-in-the-pulpit root, and thistles (some of these are very powerful so you would have to first research exactly how to use them); and there are “implantation preventers” which make the uterus unsuitable for a fertilized egg to grow in.

Carrot seed, Rutin, and smartweed leaves all prevent implantation. It may be very worthwhile for you to look into these options, if having a baby is not possible for you right now. There are also ecbolics listed (herbs that cause abortions) but if you are against abortion, you want to stay away from them.