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Category Archives: Health

All about Female Infertility

1. Control your body weight – Obesity amongst many other causes is a leading cause of infertility. In order to get treatment for infertility, first and foremost step that you have to take is to modify your lifestyles. You need to get moving and losing your fat in order to remain not only in good physique but also in healthy condition to conceive children. Watch with your food intake and throw away sugary foods like carbonated drinks and sodas as well as junk food like burgers, deep fried meat and French fries. These things do not provide you with the necessary strength and energy for fertilization process. Maintain balanced diet including all types of fruits and vegetables to be consumed in varying quantities so that you get the best of nutrients and minerals from all types of healthy food items.

2. Use fertility drug – Clomid is one of the most anticipated and the best fertility drug present in the market. Not only it is cheap, but also very helpful in resulting in successful pregnancies. It is a 5 day course to consume this tablet once daily. It can only be consumed orally and has promising results.

3. Diabetic drugs – Some drugs used to control diabetes or regulate insulin levels inside the women’s body have also been shown to treat infertility, especially PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome). However these drugs are to be used in conjunction with balanced diet and regular workouts.

4. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) – IVF perhaps delivers the best and the highest chances of pregnancies and provides doctors with a better control over relative multiple births occurrences. It is although, a very costly method of getting treated.

5. Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis – Also referred to as PGD, is an Assisted Reproductive Technology method used in artificial insemination to induce ovaries and get pregnant. This method involves complete physical examination o fallopian tubes, vagina, cervix, ovaries and body hormones in order to determine any hormonal disorder and get treatment thereafter. Such a diagnosis is performed before embryo implantation, sometimes even before fertilization. This is one of the safest methods used in Assisted Reproductive technologies where the risk of abnormal birth or birth defect is negligible. The success of this technology is directly related to the woman’s age. If woman is above 35, the chances of getting necessary chromosomes from the embryo would decrease by as much as 50%.

6. Surgery – Ovarian drilling is a surgical method when the woman’s hormone system does not respond or produce enough ovaries after stimulation via drugs or treatment. This process also recognized as Laproscopy could lower male hormones, increasing probability of ovulation.

7. ICSI – ICSI is also referred to as an artificial insemination method of getting pregnant without any sexual intercourse. It is often a highly expensive method of conceiving. Sperms are collected in small tubes via sperm donor or husband and then washed separating live healthy sperms from dead ones. The embryologist then selects a live sperm with the help of a microscopic needle and inserts it carefully into the outer shell of egg penetrating the inner shell. This method has a 70% to 80% rate of success and again varies with patients’ medical condition, physical condition, or emotional condition.

8. IUI – is also an artificial insemination method in which the sperm gets injected using syringes or cervical caps of a sperm donor or husband directly on and above the vagina. This process has a success rate of roughly 10% to 20%. This is relatively cheap and economically priced method of infertility treatment.

Safety Using Condoms

Safe Condoms

Condoms may not offer the greatest and 100 % safety in terms of preventing unwanted pregnancies but there is also a big percentage that it may help in reducing the number of the unwanted pregnancy statistics. These alone would qualify such rubber contraceptives to be labeled as ” condoms”. It would be a smarter move to use the simplest and most affordable means of contraception nowadays which is safe condom. Another aspect of safety in condoms is that these rubber contraceptives are able to help insulate you versus sexually transmitted disease as well as the dreaded AIDS, syphilis and many other sexual diseases.

As a matter of fact, history would tell us that condoms were not actually invented to prevent having a pregnancy but rather to prevent acquiring the various transmissible sexual diseases, such as syphilis. Truly, the condoms of today can be considered as safe condoms knowing the ultimate reason for their invention was due to being safe and protecting people from getting sexual diseases.

Always make it a point that before you use any kind of condom, you first have to check if they are indeed safe condoms? Look by the kind of materials used; whether it was made from latex, lambskin or polyurethane. They are all easily accessible, cheaper and eco-friendly especially if you do not mix them in water or anything fluid. These safe condom have elasticity of about 800{3ddf7c5455d50503642717e6708f4eb428909dd70d30f4adc9a97e907f229851} before they would break. While polyurethane is the type of material, made of plastic actually, that would best be kept away if you want to help protect our environment.

Expiry Dates And Safe Condoms

Also, remember that safety condoms are those that are within the expiry dates of manufacture when you use them. Otherwise, the latex material may have undergone degradation and therefore can lead to leakages and spills which of course, are dangerous, as it may lead to unwanted STD s and pregnancies. Other factors that cause the safety condoms to be otherwise include poor storage. Remember to always store your condoms in cool and dry places to ensure using condom at all times. And last of all, exposure to various substances such as oil may also increase the tendencies of your condoms to wear and degrade easily.

Contraceptive Diaphragm

Firstly, once you get the knack of getting it in and out, its insertion and removal really do not become an issue. The dome shaped soft substance usually made of latex with a spring inside the rim works when inserted inside the vagina and acts as a barrier between the cervix and an impending penis. And yes, while spontaneous sex can sometimes become less than impulsive when you have to excuse yourself to put it in, it really doesn’t take that much more time or effort than putting a condom on.

The real benefits though of using the contraceptive diaphragm is that you don’t need to worry about taking a daily pill, and its job won’t become null and void if you have to take an unexpected dose of antibiotics.
Unlike condoms, the chances of it breaking are next to none, and when inserted you can’t feel a thing except for the most wonderful sensation of skin to skin contact when your man’s penis is not covered in a condom.

A huge and often forgotten benefit is that the contraceptive diaphragm can become your best friend when you have your period. Inserted snugly up inside your cervix, not only will it block any sperm, it will also nicely catch the flow of your period, avoiding messy period sex. Think of the advantages of this when you have just met someone new and you don’t yet feel like discussing your monthly friend.

In addition to this, if you are unfortunate to get an allergic reaction to condoms and your body does not take well to other forms of birth control, the diaphragm contraceptive might be the best solution for you.

If you want to consider using the contraceptive diaphragm make an appointment to see your doctor or gynecologist. They will measure you and fit the right sized diaphragm to your body. They can also give you the best advice and tips on how to insert and remove it properly as well as how clean and store it.

There are only two kinds of diaphragms:

A Flat Ring Diaphragm: This type of vaginal diaphragm can be folded like an oval and then easily inserted. An applicator is also provided with it, which makes insertion a little more easier.

An Arcing or Coil Spring Diaphragm: This type of diaphragm is a little hard to fold and forms an irregular circle when folded. However this diaphragm can be inserted with the fingers

Your doctor will discuss the best type of diaphragm for your body and fit it accordingly to your personal size. They will also explain how the contraceptive diaphragm must be used in conjunction with a spermicidal cream to prevent any sperm from penetrating past the diaphragm.

Must know about Birth Control

Barrier methods of birth control

The diaphragm, the cervical cap, the contraceptive sponge and condoms are common barriers that prevent pregnancy. They block the sperm from entering the uterus, and they are used every time you have sex. The cervical cap or diaphragm needs to be custom-made according to doctor’s specifications. Barriers like the sponge, the diaphragm and the cap may cause allergic reactions or increase the risk of urinary tract infections in some women.

Condoms

From all pregnancy control methods, condoms are the only ones that can protect you against both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. They can be used in parallel with another pregnancy control method, such as spermicides to reduce the risk of pregnancy.

Hormonal methods

Hormonal birth control involves the use of oral contraceptives, patches, hormonal shots, vaginal rings and a certain type of intrauterine device. They all release hormones into the blood stream, usually a combination of estrogen and progestin (or progestin alone).

Each birth control method has its ups and downs, and in order to use them correctly, and make a good treatment choice, you have to know the good and bad. Take condoms for instance, they can sometimes break or slip. Such incidents may or may not be prevented. Then, hormonal birth control methods are unsuitable for women who have certain health problems. They are not recommended to smokers or women over 35.

The intrauterine device can cause excessive bleeding during the period. It may also get detached and eliminated from the uterus during menstruation, without the woman noticing it. Such issues need to be brought to the woman’s attention so that she knows how to properly use birth control and reduce the risk of unwanted pregnancy.

Sterilization Control

The problem of rapidly increasing population in developing countries has led to the initiation of vigorous birth control campaigns. But these have not always been easy to implement. In a country such as India where more than three-quarters of the people still live in some 600,000 rural villages, children have always been considered as an economic asset. Each new individual is a potential new worker which means greater productivity in the fields and extra security in the parents old age. This meant that when family planning workers visited these villages, birth control methods were met with resistance on both economic and religious grounds.

During the mid-1970s, however, the Indian government initiated a sterilization campaign, at first voluntary but later enforced and in early 1977 a law was passed stating that all government workers would undergo sterilization or lose their jobs.

Sterilization has emerged in the last two decades as a popular and effective method of birth control. It is argued by some that it is actually the most important issue of our time considering the current debates over climate change, famine, and pollution. One simple method to reduce the strain on the earth’s resources would be to cut down the human population over the next hundred years. It is estimated that it is now the most widely used method of family planning in the world, chosen by over 100 million couples. The largest proportion of sterilized couples are found in the developing countries especially where other methods of contraception are not freely available or easily administered.

Protect Yourself for HIV

HIV is a small and fragile virus that does not survive outside the body. This is commonly transmitted through bodily fluids such as semen, blood or vaginal secretions. It can enter the body through sexual intercourse.

For individuals who are sexually active or couples who are not yet ready to have children, the best form of protection is through latex condoms. For those who are shy to buy it personally on stores, it is now possible to buy condoms online, for more privacy. Condoms are a great protection since the virus cannot penetrate its latex barrier. Using condoms then is highly recommended for people who have high regards with their health.

Many health centers and school facilities even have programs that educate youth and couples alike on how to use a condom properly. Aside from that, they are even informed of various birth control methods that they may wish to use, depending on their preference.

In order to look for the best condom, one must look for the durability of the material as well as its ability to live up to its promise of sensation. Nowadays, there are many condom brands that have various flavored condoms, and there are even those that offer various types such as dotted, tornado, whirlwind, etc. The advancement of science and marketing has made it possible to come up with such variation of condoms. There are cheap condoms and some super expensive ones, but the only people that can determine which is the best condom for you and your partner is just the two of you.

If you have unprotected intercourse, it is best to get tested for possibility of HIV. Some don’t get to realize it until it is far too late. People between ages 15-65 who are sexually active are therefore highly encouraged to visit testing centers to avoid the further spread of the disease. If you or your partner has tested positive, it is best to use a condom for every intercourse to prevent the partner from being affected.

Emergency Contraceptive

In the UK, there are currently two types of emergency contraceptive pills: Levonelle and ellaOne. EllaOne is a relatively new drug and not easily available. I will focus on ellaOne later in this article. The use of Levonelle is well established and is readily available from:

  • Your GP
  • Pharmacist
  • Family planning clinics
  • Accident and Emergency

Levonelle is free when obtained from your GP, using an NHS prescription and from family planning clinics. Certain pharmacists are able to provide the emergency contraceptive without a doctor’s prescription, however a charge of £26 is levied. Accident and Emergency departments should only be used as a last resort.

How does it work?

Levonelle is a progesterone based hormone (a female sex hormone). We still don’t know for certain the exact mechanism of how it works. The general consensus is that it inhibits ovulation (release of an egg from the ovaries); however, it may also prevent fertilization (fusing of sperm and egg) and possibly implantation. The emergency contraceptive pill does not cause an abortion. Technically speaking, an abortion can only occur once a fertilized egg has implanted it self into the lining of the womb.

Levonelle is extremely effective when taken correctly and has been shown to reduce the risk of pregnancy down to 1%.

How do I take it?

Levonelle is not suitable for everyone; it is contraindicated in the following cases:

  • Prophyria (a very rare condition)
  • Severe liver disease
  • Previous ectopic pregnancy
  • May not be suitable in conditions such as Crohn’s disease

Time is crucial when it comes to taking Levonelle. It must be consumed within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse. Ideally, it should be taken within 12 hours after unprotected intercourse. As time elapses after unprotected intercourse the effectiveness of the drug decreases significantly:

  • Levonelle taken 0-24 hours after unprotected sex – 95% effective
  • Levonelle taken 25-48 hours after unprotected sex – 85% effective
  • Levonelle taken 49-72 hours after unprotected sex – 58% effective

Levonelle is well tolerated by most women, however some women may experience nausea and vomiting. If you vomit with in 2-3 hours of taking Levonelle then another dose must be taken. Other common side effects include headache, dizziness and breast tenderness. Less common side effects can include irregular spotting and bleeding. After taking Levonelle, if you suffer with an early or delayed withdrawal bleed, or your period is on time but is abnormally heavy, then an ectopic (implantation as occurred, but not in the womb) pregnancy must be excluded, and it is advisable to see your doctor as soon as possible.

Alternatives to Levonelle

If the time elapsed after unprotected intercourse is greater than 72 hours, or if Levonelle was not tolerated, then alternative emergency contraception must be considered to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. There are currently two options:

  • EllaOne
  • Intrauterine emergency contraceptive device

EllaOne (ulipristal)

EllaOne is a new emergency contraceptive which was given a license last year. Small trials including women from the UK, USA and Ireland have shown ellaOne to be effective at preventing unwanted pregnancy even after the 72 hour limit normally advised for Levonelle. This means the drug could be taken up to 120 hours (five days) after unprotected intercourse.

EllaOne is a prescription only medication. It will not be available over the counter until more is known about its long term safety profile.

The Intrauterine Emergency Contraceptive Device

The Intrauterine emergency contraceptive device, also known as the emergency IUD, is a small copper device that is inserted into the uterus (womb) via the vagina. It has the benefit of being effective up to five days after unprotected intercourse and can continue to be used as a regular contraceptive. The disadvantage is that it must be fitted, which would normally take place at a family planning clinic.

Long Term Contraception

Studies examining the emergency contraceptive found that many women went on to become pregnant in the next cycle, as they continued to have unprotected intercourse. This indicates the importance of considering long term, or continued contraception.

After taking Levonelle or ellaOne, it is wise to discuss continued contraception with your doctor or family planning clinic. Suitable methods for long term contraception may include:

  • Combined oral contraceptive
  • Progesterone only pill
  • Progesterone injection (taken every 3 months)
  • Contraceptive implant (inserted into the skin of the arm and lasts 3 years)

Gynecology

Some women experience worse side effects, like headaches, nausea, depression, soreness, weight gain, strange bleeding… you name it! For this reason, pay close attention to your body after you start taking it. If you notice any changes in your body or your mood, talk to your gynecologist. You may be one of the few women who aren’t suited to taking pills.

Q – Does the pill protect you against sexually transmitted diseases like HIV/Aids?
A – Absolutely not! The pill offers no protection against anything at all except for motherhood, and it doesn’t guarantee 100% protection from that either! The only way to protect you completely from sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS, is complete abstinence. So, just don’t ever have sex again, and you’re safe.

Abstinence is not a choice? It is not for the most of the people. There are lots of ways to protect yourself from all the nasty diseases out there. The best place to start is to talk to your local gynecologist. They can recommend methods that will be the most effective in keeping you from catching anything.

Q – If you decide you want to have a baby, how long before the pill stops working?
A – Had enough of the childless life? If you want to start using sex for procreation and not just recreation, you can always stop taking the pill, and you’ll be fertile again.

Time Duration

No gynecologist can give you an exact date. It varies from woman to woman, but most women can ovulate again after 2 weeks. This doesn’t mean that after two weeks BAM!- You’re preggers! Hold on a little bit… it may take a longer time. Many people don’t realize it takes more than once without protection to put a bun in the oven. Have some patience!

Durex Play

Durex condoms are already available in different sizes, textures and flavors. In terms of material, there are now the latex and non-latex for sensitive people. The non-latex condoms are made from a material known as polyurethane that won’t cause allergy but is still soft to the touch to allow for greater sensitivity.

Of late, the manufacturer of Durex came up with a new innovation beyond the usual condoms. This time, it focused on another aspect of achieving pleasure for adult users which is through vibrations. Called Play, the new line of Durex products aims to encourage adult consumers to do a little experimentation with the way they seek pleasure from each other. It comes in four major types – the Vibrations, Ultra, Touch and Pure Fantasy.

The Vibrations features a ring that vibrates for 20 minutes. It comes with a tiny switch that can be turned on and off without much fuss. This is ideal for first time users.

The Ultra provides longer vibrations of up to 40 minutes. Users need not worry about noise as this product does not create a sound when in use. Also, it is waterproof and can be used with the condom on or even without the rubber. It is best used with a lubricant to experience a high level of pleasure.

The Play Touch is worn on the finger. This enables both men and women to provide their partners with stimulating touches to arouse their sexual desires. No sound is emitted when in use. The product is also not affected when it gets wet and it can even be used again as long as you see the need for it.

The Pure Fantasy product is a vibrator that can be used in different speed levels. It’s considered to be a personal massager with no noise vibrations that can easily be adjusted according to the mood you want. Also available is the Durex Play line is 2 in 1 gel. This gel can serve as a lubricant as well when necessary and can be used all over the body. It can be used by people with sensitive skin because of the presence of aloe vera which is a proven skin moisturizer.

Effects Hormonal Contraception

Hormonal birth control is one of the most common contraceptive methods. Hormonal contraceptives are made with artificial (synthesized) hormones, which work with your body to prevent pregnancy. Generally, they suppress ovulation, which makes pregnancy almost impossible. Though hormonal methods are the most widely used, there are some things to consider before you know if they are right for you – and if so, which specific method to choose.

First of all, there are many people who should not use hormonal methods of birth control. This should all be discussed with your doctor, but the risk factors include: anyone who suspects they might already be pregnant, anyone who is breastfeeding, anyone who has active liver disease, anyone over age 35, smokers, anyone with diabetes, anyone with blood clotting problems, and several more. Enlisting the help of a professional will help determine what, if any, risk factors are present for you, and if it is safe for you to begin using hormonal contraceptives.

As with any prescribed medication, there are also many side effects to be aware of. The most common side effects are: weight gain, acne, nausea, dizziness, headaches, depression, vaginal infections, high blood pressure, loss of libido, and blood clots, to name a few. There are also several rare and extremely dangerous side effects that are worth mentioning. Stroke, liver tumors, gallstones, and jaundice are rare but possible side effects of hormonal birth control methods. It is best, as with any medication, to be aware of the potential risks but always discuss them with a doctor before making any decisions.

Hormonal contraceptives are known to be a pretty effective method of birth control. It is no wonder that they are so widely used. Being aware of the risks associated is important when making a decision as to which method is right for you. Whatever option you choose, enlisting the help of a physician to guide you through the process is always recommended. It is important to make the right decision to avoid complications in the future. A little education about your options can help make the process go a lot more smoothly.